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Technical considerations in the Verasonics research ultrasound platform for developing a photoacoustic imaging system

Authors: Karl Kratkiewicz1,4,Rayyan Manwar2,4, Yang Zhou, Moein Mozaffarzadeh3, Kamran Avanaki2


1 Wayne State University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
2 Richard and Loan Hill Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, IL 60607, USA
3 Laboratory of Medical Imaging, Department of Imaging Physics, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
4 These authors have contributed equally


Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is an emerging functional and molecular imaging technology that has attracted much attention in the past decade. Recently, many researchers have used the vantage system from Verasonics for simultaneous ultrasound (US) and photoacoustic (PA) imaging. This was the motivation to write on the details of US/PA imaging system implementation and characterization using Verasonics platform. We have discussed the experimental considerations for linear array based PAI due to its popularity, simple setup, and high potential for clinical translatability. Specifically, we describe the strategies of US/PA imaging system setup, signal generation, amplification, data processing and study the system performance.


National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (R01EB027769‐01, R01EB028661‐01).