02 August 2023
Author(s): Ruochong Zhang, Xiuting Li, Ghayathri Balasundaram, Baocheng Li, Yi Qi, Anindita Santosa, Tze Chin Tan, Malini Olivo, Renzhe Bi
Lewis hunting reaction refers to the alternating cold-induced vasoconstriction and dilation in extremities, whose underlying mechanism is complex. While numerous studies reported this intriguing phenomenon by measuring cutaneous temperature fluctuation under cold exposure, few of them tracked peripheral vascular responses in real-time, lacking a non-invasive and quantitative imaging tool. To better monitor hunting reaction and diagnose relevant diseases, we developed a hybrid photoacoustic ultrasound (PAUS) tomography system to monitor finger vessels’ dynamic response to cold, together with simultaneous temperature measurement. We also came out a standard workflow for image analysis with self-defined indices. In the small cohort observational study, vascular changes in the first cycle of hunting reaction were successfully captured by the image series and quantified. Time difference between vasodilation and temperature recovery was noticed and reported for the first time, thanks to the unique capability of the PAUS imaging system in real-time and continuous vascular monitoring. The developed imaging system and indices enabled more objective and quantitative monitoring of peripheral vascular activities, indicating its great potential in numerous clinical applications.