Author(s): Tianqi Shan, Hao Yang, Shixie Jiang, and Huabei Jiang
Neonatal brain hemorrhage (NBH) is the most common neurological disorder in neonates and its clinical interventions are very limited. Understanding the pathology of NBH by non-invasive in-vivo characterization of standardized animal models is essential for developing potential treatments. Currently, there is no suitable tool to provide non-invasive, non-ionizing dynamic imaging of neonatal mouse models with high resolution, high contrast, and deep imaging depth. In this study, we implemented a fast 3D photoacoustic tomography (PAT) system suitable for imaging neonatal mouse brains with good image quality and demonstrated its feasibility in non-invasive monitoring of the dynamic process of NBH in the whole neonatal mouse brain. The results present a high resolution and sensitivity for NBH detection. Both morphological and hemodynamic changes of the hematoma were accurately obtained. Our results demonstrated the potential of PAT as a powerful tool for the preclinical study of neonatal brain hemorrhage.